What is Jute Fabric
The jute plant is often referred to as the "Golden Fiber" due to its natural shine even after processing. Jute is an easy-to-work plant with its anti-static quality feature. Due to the weather conditions, the banks of the Ganges River are the ideal jute growing area. The jute used in trade is obtained from two types of plants: One is Corchorus capsularis, known as white jute and is lighter, and the other is Corchorus olitorius, which is softer and stronger. These plants reach 2-4 meters in height within a year. Of course it grows in India.It has been cultivated in China and Malaysia. Colitorius genus has also been recognized and grown in Mediterranean countries. Its arrival in America coincides with the 1870s. It is produced in the states of Texas and South Carolina in the USA. Jute products dissolve easily in the soil and enrich the soil due to its organic structure. When burned, the fumes are non-toxic and do not leave any residue. Almost all of the world's jute production belongs to India and Pakistan.
In the body of jute, fiber cells are found in bundles. The production of jute fiber is done by the rotting method. At the end of rotting, the fiber bundles are separated from the body by hand peeling. The length of the fibers is 18-25 cm. The fibers are removed from the shells and dried. The fibers, which were light yellow when first obtained, turn to light brown as time passes. The next processes are continued with machines in the factories. As in the production of cotton yarn, it is cleaned by combing, completely separated into its fibers and wrapped in bobbins. Thread thicknesses vary according to the purpose. Its shells and fibers are utilized. The importance of üt in the textile industry is that its fibers are very thin. It is also economical and economical because it is grown very cheaply. It is less flexible, less durable than linen and hemp. A large part of Jute fiber is used in rope, sack, rope, twine and cover fabrics. Carpets produced with fibers obtained from the jute plant and attracting attention with their recyclable environmental features are a rising value these days. Bangladesh, India and Pakistan in the production of jute fiber; Brazil follows Taiwan. Environmentally friendly jute is used not only in the textile industry but also in many areas.
We can list the usage areas of Jute as follows.
- Curtain making
- Rope sack
- Shopping bags
- Floor coverings
- Pharmaceutical industry
- Carpet rug
- Money Bag
- Lavender pouch
The jute sector is a constantly growing sector in the world. In 1971, the jute sector in Bangladesh was handled with a special and realistic approach. In 1974, the jute law was enacted. Bangladesh Jute Research Institute (BJRI) was established in 1996 to grow and develop jute fibers technologically, ecologically and economically. Almost all of the world's jute production belongs to India and Pakistan. The reason for the high production here is that the labor is very cheap. Jute fibers are cheap due to low labor costs. In Turkey, Antalya, Adana, Hatay and jute plant in Southeast Anatolia can be grown, but the difficulty of sowing operations and labor cost of all the fiber used in our country because of the high is imported. Most of the jute fibers imported in our country are used in carpet rope and sack production. Jute fibers, which are completely environmentally friendly, are used today by mixing them with natural and artificial fibers, but sufficient efficiency has not been achieved in clothing fabrics with high jute ratio. Technological studies should be done to increase the usability of the fiber in clothing fabrics without damaging the ecological structure of jute fibers. The use of jute fibers, which are used in almost every field of the textile industry, in ready-to-wear products should be expanded. Jute fabrics can be used in special clothing collections in their original form without mixing and dyeing with other fibers.
We, as Metehan, contribute to the sector by producing cloth bags, interlining bags, raw cloth bags, promotional bags, laminated bags, drawstring cloth backpacks, cloth shoe bags, as well as producing products such as raw cloth bags, money bags, lavender bags using environmentally friendly jute fabric. we are.